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It was a very successful British band, consisting of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, led by musical genre "skiffle" and rock and roll from the 50s, revealing then different themes with styles as pop ballads and psychedelic rock that was taking over the style of the band, which was characterized by the originality of his songs and the impact it had on people, becoming progressionist, influencing people to join at social and cultural revolutions in the 60s, thanks to this, they had thousands of followers, and were hailed by his fans wherever they went, phenomenon called "Beatlemania" since they became global icons. “The Beatles united a generation of young people with their songs, their attitudes and their sense of style, and John Lennon was the thinking man's Beatle. Of the four, he was the Beatle who wrote books, the Beatle who embroiled the group in a potentially disastrous controversy by suggesting in an interview that they were more popular than Jesus, the Beatle who embraced the poetic innovations of Bob Dylan in the mid-1960's and shocked Beatles fans by jumping into performance art, happenings and political protests in the late 60's and early 70's.”[2]

Its initial members were Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe and Pete Best. Later in 1960 they started with small presentations in Liverpool and Hamburg, and in that way they were building their reputation in the first 3 years of the band. In 1961 Sutcliffe left the group and in the following year Best was replaced by Starr. They achieved commercial success in the UK in late 1962, initially represented by Brian Epstein and musically guided and enhanced by producer George Martin, gaining recognition with their debut single "Love Me Do". Since this event began, international tours stared until 1966, and then they devoted about recording the songs in the studio until the band get separate in 1970.

The breakup of The Beatles, was the result of several problems in the group, starting with the death of the manager, Brian Epstein, who died of a drug overdose, and therefore the control group fell to Paul McCartney who had face a great weight that was later expressed in the song that he created for the album "Abbey Road" called "Carry That Weight", another conflict in the group was the relationship of Lennon with Yoko Ono, because she began to intrude on issues and none of the band mates of John weren’t in agreement with this because it was violate a deal that had the group about letting girlfriends or anyone else from entering to the recording studio. Besides these problems, the group discovered that Harrison had the potential to write songs, but later they began to reject the ideas that George had for songs, which caused resentment mainly to Lennon and McCartney. About Ringo, he was progressing slowly with one of his best known compositions, Octopus's Garden.

Despite the effort made by McCartney to keep the band together, he recognized in an interview for Life magazine that effectively Beatles had dissolved, but then, in early 1970, McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr came together to finish the recordings of album "Let It Be" but each of its members were already focused exclusively on his solo projects. During the time of recording the album, Paul McCartney was really unsatisfied with the work of the producer Phil Spector and did not support the ideas that this one had for the creation of the songs, like the fact of incorporating chorus of female voices and orchestra to accompany the piano music that Paul initially composed. In consequence of this, McCartney sent a letter writte discreetly to the business representative of Apple Records, Allen Klein, expressing his unconfromity with the changes made by Spector. These requests were ignored, and the adaptations set by the producer finally were included on the album "Let It Be". When the band reunited in 1966 to finish recording, touring had stopped and each member had strengthened their individual careers which hampered the development of the songs, this was more evident in the album "The Beatles" better known as "The White Album" as this reflected the development of members as songwriters, musicians and artists, in a individual way. In 1968 it was a moment in which the group began to have an undecided future, due to all the problems they were facing, so Paul McCartney who had assumed leadership of the band, suggested a project in which they should make trials , recordings and performances of the songs in live concerts, but the sessions to make this project reality, initially concerned the interpretation together rather than highlight individual careers of individual artists. “Paul looked at his bandmates, his friends of many years – John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr – and they looked back at him with no expression. Moments later he said, -There's only two choices: We're gonna do it or we're not gonna do it, and I want a decision. Because I'm not interested in spending my fucking days farting around here, while everyone makes up their mind whether they want to do it or not-”[3]

Similarly, the band had a bad preparation to be again a group as the beginning, because each one had their own style of work and express themselves. Therefore this complex fact, eight days after beginning the tests and recordings, Harrison quit the band because his frustration and resentment reached its peak. Finally, several business and agreements brought Harrison back to the group, and “The Beatles” made their last appearance in public on January 30, 1969 on the roof of the Apple offices.


Although the Beatles managed to influence many people of that time, was not the only band or artista that made this, there were others such as: Pink Floyd, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Eric Clapton, Elton John, Queen, Led Zeppleing, The Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix and U2. These bands were important because they were the pioneers of the time and therefore had to go through severe criticism and difficulties, including enemies and hazards. Also greatly influenced the development of ideology, because each defended a distinct and characteristic thought, kept showing through his songs, actions, and ways of being.


The protests against the wars were a series of movements and demonstrations around the world, which began in 1964 with different ideals; those who wanted to continue the war and the ones demanding the immediate peace, were masses of people from different categories, mothers of soldiers, doctors, soldiers, students,


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